Africa is home to lots of endangered and almost extinct animals and wildlife. This list attempts to give a quick overview of where in Africa you can see these rare wild endangered animals and how many of them are alive in the wild. The source of information is from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Hopefully, after reading, You and I would work to prevent this critically endangered animals in Africa‘s wild from extinction. Enjoy the ride.
“Looking good is good business” that’s a popular saying around the globe. The makeup industry is a booming one because looking good is important to every woman and men too although in a lesser light. Have you ever stop to wonder, what kind of ingredients are used to manufacture makeups? well, no need! I have done the wondering for you.
Below are the top 15 weirdest ingredients used in the manufacturing of women’s cosmetics products. Prepare to get OMG!!
15.SHARK LIVER OIL:
The liver of a shark makes up 25% of its total weight. SQUALENE oil is a very important ingredients used in top branded face and skin cream. The sharks are caught,livers extracted and the carcass mostly thrown overboard. the price of a ton of squalene oil can go as high as $18,000.
14. FORESKIN OF AN INFANT:
This would probably come as a surprise but do you know that the foreskin of circumcised infants are actually an integral part of some face cream? Oprah Winfrey was once quoted as recommending it. Companies, the most notable being SkinMedica, use foreskin fibroblasts in cosmetic creams and collagens, especially those made to reduce wrinkles. It is said that one piece of foreskin from a baby boy can be used to create about 4 acres of new skin.
13.FAT FROM LAMBS:
TALLOW is a form of processed fat from mutton of a lamb. it has extensive used in the make up of balm and other moisturizers for dry skin.
12.BIRD OR MINK OIL:
MINK OIL is a pale yellow liquid obtained from North American mink. In cosmetics and personal care products, Mink Oil is used in the formulation of hair conditioners, hair sprays, lipsticks, skin cleansers, moisturizers, and other skin and hair products. An Emu is a large flightless bird also used in the cosmetics industry.
11.SLIMY SNAIL GOO:
Pick up a bottle of an anti aging cream and take a close look at the ingredients, elastin and mucolic acid are two ingredients that are sure to be present. this substances are derived from the slime of snails and are known to have regenerative properties and aid in moisturizing skin. Dermatologist believe this sunstances minimize scar formation.
DIATOMACEOUS EARTH sounds exotic but is also an integral part of dynamite bombs used to stabilize nitroglycerin in bomb making.It’s actually mild and often used in products that are abrasive in nature such as toothpaste and facial scrubs. Not to worry your toothpaste wouldn’t explode in your mouth.
Continuing the trend of weird ingredients found in women makeup, semen is the latest addition. As surprising as it seems, using semen in cosmetics didn’t just start. It’s been a long-time tradition to use sperm from cods in lotions as it provides a nice quality lotion that binds well with water. most recently, some companies and salons have begun to use nothing other than bull semen. According to a U.K. salon, bull semen provides any type of hair with a brilliant sheen that no other substance can match.
8. CRUSHED BEETLE:
Beetles especially the cochineal species are great source of carminic acid which have a natural deep red hue. The bugs are crushed,dried and grinded and the crimson red dye extracted for use in lipstick, food and even drinks.
The facial treatment business in japan has a substance called guanine as a beauty ingredient.guanine is believed to help lighten the skin but the source is quite questionable. Guanine is derived from bird droppings.
6.HARDENED WHALE VOMIT AND FAECES:
AMBERGRIS is another name for a substance derived from the digestive system of a Sperm whale. Typically it is either expelled in whale feces or vomited out. It’s purpose is to encase any sharp or harmful objects a sperm whale might ingest to protect them from internal injury.For years, it was used in perfume making to make the scent last far longer but now only used in France because of the development of other synthentic sprays. so watchout for that exotic french perfume.
If you are a lady, you have probably at one point splashed grounded fish scales on your lips. (If you are a gentleman like myself, you have probably pressed your lips against those scales at one point or another.) Why ?, Because it looks pretty and attractive And because of physics or chemistry.
Well fish scales have been added to lipstick, nail polish and lip gloss for a very long time because it gives it a shimmery, shiny look.
Lanolin also called wool wax or wool grease , is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of Sheeps. lanolin is one of the most common ingredients in lotion, shaving cream, and moisturizing products. Take a look at your favourite lotion bottle, lets know if you find lanolin as one of the ingredients.
3.CHICKEN BONE MARROW:
The bone marrow of your favourite chicken meat for the non vegans actually pass as an ingredients in numerous beauty product. It is said that chicken bone marrow is full of glucosamine, which is great to use on the skin as it promotes new healthy growth for a youthful look. Chicken bone marrow is also considered to be an anti-inflammatory. You’d more than likely find this product in moisturizers as well as face creams.
This shouldnt need much introduction. urea is gotten from urine! surprised? Urea is used in antiperspirants, moisturizers, mouthwashes, deodorants, and shampoos.Urea works in synergy with other ingredients, that create the molecular structure of the skin, such as Lactic Acid.
If you thought any of the above was weird. how about the use of human placenta in cosmetics? placental extracts are increasingly been used for hair and skin treatment in recent times although the benefit of such has not been fully ascertained. A research carried out found four girls under the age of 8 developing breast and pubic hair within a shortwhile of making use of placenta extract in hair products. The FDA maintains that placenta extract may be potentially hazardous.
And thats All for now. do check out my other interesting top 10 list.
South Africa universities are at the forefront of research in Africa top universities. Prior to 2003, south Africa had a large number of universities in the excess of 100. but in 2003, south africa started a reform in its university system merging and forming a group of world class comprehensive universities,
The list below features south africa top 20 best universities.
1.University of Cape Town,Cape Town
2 University of Pretoria, Pretoria
3 Universiteit Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch
4 University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
5 University of South Africa,Pretoria
6 University of KwaZulu-Natal,Durban
7 Rhodes University,Grahamstown
8 University of the Western Cape ,Bellville
9 University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg
10 Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth
11 North-West University ;Potchefstroom
12 Universiteit van die Vrystaa,,Bloemfontein
13 Cape Peninsula University of Technology,Cape Town
14 Tshwane University of Technology,Pretoria
15 Durban University of Technology,Durban
16 Vaal University of Technology,Vanderbijlpark
17 University of Fort Hare,Alice
18 Central University of Technology,Bloemfontein
19 University of Venda,Thohoyandou
20 University of Limpopo, Sovenga
Ghana, formerly known as the Gold coast had her first university in 1948.After which other universities were founded.Currently there are over 60 institution of higher learning in Ghana with 51 comprising of universities and polytechnic.
The latest 2015 webometric ranking of universities in Ghana listed the 20 institutions below as Ghana’s best universities.
20.Pentecost University College
19. Koforidua Polytechnic
18.Christian Service University College
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17.Methodist University College Ghana
16. Central University
15. African University College of Communications
14.Wisconsin International University College Ghana
11. Ghana Telecom University College
10.University of Mines & Technology Tarkwa
9. Institute of Management and Public Administration
8.Valley View University
7.University for Development Studies
6.Presbyterian University College
4. University of Education Winneba
3.University of Cape Coast
2.Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology
1.University of Ghana
Nigeria has a total of 147 Universities made up of 46 Federal Universities, 40 State Universities and 67 Private Universities which is one of the highest in Africa.
According to Webometrics ranking of Universities in Nigeria, the following is the list of the top 20 universities in Nigeria.
20. Osun State University:
19. University of Calabar
18. Federal University of Technology Owerri
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17. Olabisi Onabanjo University (Ogun State University)
16. Federal University Oye Ekiti Ekiti State
15.University of Jos
14. Federal University Dutsin Ma
13.Federal University of Technology Minna
12. University of Port Harcourt
11.University of Benin
10. University of Nigeria
8.Federal University of Technology Akure
7. Ahmadu Bello University
6.University of Agriculture Abeokuta
5.University of Ilorin
4.University of Lagos
3.University of Ibadan
2.Obafemi Awolowo University
1.Covenant University Ota
Days are past where people pride themselves with owning single storied buildings, now the trend has shifted to SKYSCRAPERS! How high Can a building go! THE Tallest building in the world happens to be the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab emirate measuring 829.8 m (2,722 ft). The trend seemed to have caught up with the African continent. Below is the list of the tallest buildings/skyscrapers in Africa..
20. Trust Bank Building (460 ft):
The Trust Bank Building is located in Johannesburg , South Africa and it was built in 1970 with 34 floors.
19. El Maadi Residential Towers, (460 ft):
The El Maadi residential Towers were built in Cairo,Egypt in 1985 with 42 floors each. they are 6 in total..
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18. KwaDukuza eGoli Hotel Tower 1 (460 ft):
This towers were built in 1970 with 40 floors and its located in Johannesburg, South Africa.
17. Times Tower (460 ft):
Times Tower has 33 floors and was built in Nairobi, Kenya in 2000. its the third tallest tower in East Africa.
16. Michelangelo tower (460 ft):
Built in 2005 with 34 floors, Michelangelo Tower is the 16th tallest building in Africa.
15.Nile city North Tower (466 ft):
This is a twin tower built in Cairo Egypt in 2002, it has a total floor level of 34.
14.Nile City South Tower (466 ft):
A twin tower to the Nile city north tower. it was completed a year after in 2003, and has the same 34 floors.
13.Grand Nile Tower Hotel (466 ft):
The Grand Nile Tower hotel has 41 floors and it was built in Cairo, Egypt in 2003.
12.El Gezira Tower Movenpick Hotel (466 ft):
El Gezira Movenpick Hotel is a skyscraper and hotel complex in Cairo, Egypt. The 43 story building was completed in 1996.
11.Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building (469 ft):
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the Egyptian government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Egypt, completed in 1994, the building has a total of 39 floors.
10. 88 on Field (482 ft):
The 88 on Field building is located in Durban in south Africa. it has a total of 26 floors. it was completed in 1985.
9. The Metlife Centre:
Metlife Centre is a 28 floor, 150 metre tall modernist skyscraper situated close to the Cape Town International Convention Center in the City Bowl area of Cape Town, South Africa.
8.South African Reserve Bank Building (490 ft)
The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of South Africa. its building was completed in 1988 and has a total of 38 floors.
7. Pearl Dawn (499 ft):
Pearl Dawn is a 31-story residential skyscraper in Durban, South Africa. completed in 2010.
6. The Marble Towers (499 ft):
The marble towers is a skyscraper in the Central Business District of Johannesburg, South Africa. It was built in 1973 and is 32 storeys tall.
5. PSPF Towers – Tower A and B (502 ft):
The PSPF towers is the tallest building in East, Central and North Africa.It was unveilved in 2014 with a total of 35 floors.
4. NECOM House:
NECOM House (formerly NITEL Tower) is a skyscraper in Lagos, Nigeria. The 32-story building was completed in 1979.Its the tallest building in west africa.
UAP Tower is a 33-storey office complex in Nairobi, Kenya. UAP Tower hit the record of becoming the tallest structure in Kenya upon its completion in 2015 surpassing Times Tower which in a long time held that record. It also is the highest point in Nairobi.
2. Ponte city :
Ponte City is a skyscraper in the Johannesburg, South Africa. It was built in 1975 to a height of 173 m (567.6 ft), making it the tallest ”residential” skyscraper in Africa.
1.The Carlton Centre:
The Carlton center is a skyscraper made of both offices and shopping centre located in downtown Johannesburg, South Africa. At 223 metres (732 ft)it has been the tallest office building in Africa since 1973. The Carlton Centre has 50 floors.
Its amazing to known that south Africa has the best skyline in the whole of Africa, although there’s a proposed skyscraper to be built in Casablanca, Morocco which would be 540metres high. Twice the height of the Carlton centre. the building is supposed to kick off in 2015.
Africa is home to over 1000 different tribes and rich cultures with practices that are both amazing as well as scary, while others are just plain bizarre . Luckily, the advent of formal education has helped in no small way to curb the increase of this bizarre and dangerous practices.
Below is a list of africa’s most bizarre cultural practices. CAUTION: some of the pictures are gory in nature. viewers discretion is advised.
1. Female genital mutilation/female circumcision
This is the practice of cutting all or part of the external genitalia of a female. This practice occurs at various age in different cultures with some occurring during early childhood while others occurring during puberty or after the female starts having her menses while other cultures practice in during delivery of the first child of the victim. Notable countries that still practice female circumcision include Somalia (98%) Guinea (97%) Egypt (91%) Sierra Leone (90%) Mali (89%) Sudan (88%) Eritrea (83%) Gambia (76%) Burkina Faso (76%) Ethiopia (74%) Mauritania (69%) Liberia (66%) Guinea-Bissau (50%) etc
2. Puberty rites:
Puberty rites otherwise called the rite of passage of a boy into manhood, or a girl into womanhood is an integral part of some African cultures and often a period of terror and suffering for the youth. Among the Kuria tribe of Kenya and the Dipo tribe of Ghana,this involves female circumcision while the boys are sometimes circumcised and put through a host of events including starvation and whipping in admission to adulthood.
3. Killing of deformed children:
In some parts of Benin and Ghana deformed children are seen as ‘evil spirits’ and so the community only deems it fit to kill the evil child and purify the mother with the blood of the infant. This practice has been fought hard by the Ghanian government and has reduced significantly in recent years.
4. Human sacrifices:
This should top the list as the most bizarre of cultural practices still in occurrence in the African continent.although drastically reduced now, this practice occurs especially after the death of a traditional rulers and involves the use of human sacrifices to appease the deities of the land. This practice has been reported in Tanzania, Uganda,Ghana and Nigeria although in varying intensity.
5. Tribal marks and scarification:
Worthy of mention in this ancient art of tribal scarification are the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria,the Neur tribe of south Sudan and the karrayyu people of Ethiopia.
6. Wife swapping:
This practice of wife swapping although rare is still being actively practiced among the nomads of Namibia especially the Ovahimba and Ovazemba tribes.In 2014, a bill was proposed to legalize wife swapping in Namibia.
7. Kidnapping the bride:
To this women, love isn’t an option. Rwanda, Somalia ,Ethiopia and Kenya are countries with tribes who practice this bizarre custom. In the sudaneses tribe of Latuka, when a man wants to marry a lady , he kidnaps her and later informs the parents. If they agree, the kidnaper groom is flogged before he’s allowed to marry her but if they refuse he may forcefully marry her anyway.
8. Lip stretching.
The mursi , tirma and Chai tribes of Ethiopia are perhaps the last of the African tribes to adorned their lower lips with large lips plate. This they do gradually but first they knock out their front teeth and increasingly increase the size of the lip plate.
9. Blessing by spitting:
The bemba tribe of Zambia, neur tribe of sudan and the wolof tribe of Gambia are three tribes of note that greets and bless their people by spitting . The bemba tribe of Zambia are particularly noted for their elders spitting into the ears of new born babies to wish them luck.
10. Beating the suitor:
Talk about pains of love, the Fulani tribe of Nigeria holds a caning contest when two suitors who wants to marry a bride are made to flog each other and the one who shows the least amount of pain or discomfort gets to marry the bride.